Applications of DNA Based Biosensors: A Review
Biosensors are analytical devices used to detect the presence or concentration of a biological component, such as a biomolecule, a biological structure or a microorganism, organelles, cell receptors, enzymes, antibodies, nucleic acids, etc. The present study explores various DNA-based biosensors with various detection techniques that helps in diagnosis of acute and chronic diseases based on hybridization with specific sequences of the probe used in the biosensor that has the advantage of easy synthesis of nucleotide sequence of the target analyte. The DNA biosensors have a lot of applications in environmental and medical fields, in genetically modified organism (GMO) detection, diagnosis of genetic diseases, cancer detection, diagnosis of neurological diseases, biosensing of toxicity and diagnosing of infectious diseases.
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